by Shaykh ‘Abdul-Qaadir Ibn ‘Abdul-‘Azeez (May Allah hasten his release from captivity)
(from the book “Refutation of the Doubts Concerning Leadership”)
The Messenger of Allaah said, “There will not cease to be an assembly (Taa’ifah), from my nation (Ummah), establishing the order of Allaah. They are unharmed by those who betray them or oppose them, until the matter of Allaah arrives while they are dominant over the people.” – narrated by Muslim.
Most of the predecessors (As-Salaf) went to (the opinion) that “The Victorious Assembly” (At-Taa’ifah Al-Mansoorah) were the scholars (‘Ulamaa) and the people of Hadeeth (Ahl-Hadeeth), such as Al-Bukhaaree and Ahmad bin Hanbal have stated. But his saying, “…this religion (Deen), established, fighting upon it…”is a problem for them, as are the other narrations, which clearly mention within them, the fighting (Al-Qitaal). And this is from the unique (characteristics) of this assembly (Taa’ifah), such as those narrations from Jaabir bin ‘Abdullah and ‘Imraan bin Husayn and Yazeed bin Al-Aslam and Mu’awiyah and ‘Uqbaa bin Amr, may Allaah be pleased with them all.
So it is not possible to restrict the Taa’ifah to the ‘Ulamaa only. Rather, they (i.e. the Taa’ifah) are the people of knowledge and Jihaad. And for this, An-Nawawee mentioned the sayings of Al-Bukhaaree and Ahmad and others, and then he said, “and it could be that this Taa’ifah is spread out amongst the different types of believers. From them are strong warriors (Muqaatiloon) and from them are jurists (Fuqahaa) and from them are Hadeeth specialists (Muhadithoon) and from them are those who distance themselves from the matters of this worldly life due to intense worship (Zuhaad) and the commanders of good and forbidders of evil. And from them are people of other forms of good, and it is not necessary for them to be altogether, rather they could be spread out in different areas of the world.”1 “Saheeh Muslim bi’Sharh An-Nawawee “, Vol. 13/67
And like that, Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allaah be merciful to him, stated in his Fataawa – concerning fighting the Tartars, who declared the two testimonies of faith (Al-Shahaadatayn), yet rule by other than the Sharee’ah of Islaam – that the people of Jihaad are from the most deserving ones for being included into At-Taa’ifah Al-Mansoorah, as he said, “As for as the Taa’ifah in Shaam and Egypt and the likes of them; they are, in this time, the warriors (Muqaatiloon) for the religion (Deen) of Islaam. And they are the most deserving ones for being included into At-Taa’ifah Al-Mansoorah , which the Prophet mentioned, in his statement, from what is authentic and frequently narrated, from him, ‘There will not cease to be a Taa’ifah from my Ummah, dominant upon the truth. They are not harmed by those who oppose them or those who betray them, until the (final) Hour arrives.’ And in a narration from Muslim, ‘The people of the West, will not cease.”2 “Majmoo’a Al-Fataawa “, Vol. 28/531
And there is no doubt that the ‘Ulamaa who (personally) perform actions, are the first people entered into this Taa’ifah and then the rest of the people from the Mujaahideen and the others who follow them.
And what lead the Predecessors (As-Salaf) to the saying that the Taa’ifah is the ‘Ulamaa, was because the Jihaad was something about which there was no disagreement among the Muslims, and the borders were fully equipped with soldiers and armies, facing the states of warfare (Diyaar Al-Harb) and the most (significant) deficiencies, concerning the religion in their time, were the innovations and the great astraynesses. And the knights of this battle arena are the ‘Ulamaa.
But today, we are in need of the efforts of the ‘Ulamaa and the Mujaahideen; each in their respective battle arena, as the religion cannot be established with knowledge alone nor with Jihaad alone, but with each of them together. As He, the Most High, said in the verse of “The Iron” (Al-Hadeed):
Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power (in matters of war), as well as many benefits for mankind, that Allâh may test who it is that will help Him (His religion), and His Messengers in the unseen. Verily, Allâh is All-Strong, All-Mighty.3 Al-Hadeed, 25.
And Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said, “And the religion will not be established except with the Book and the Balance and the Iron. The Book is to guide with it and the Iron is to support it. Just as He, the Most High, said: Indeed We have sent Our Messengers – the verse. So the Book; with it knowledge and religion are established. And the Balance; with it the rights in contracts and money and collections are established. And the Iron; with it the penalties of law (Al-Hudood) are established.”4 “Majmoo’a Al-Fataawa “, Vol. 35/36.
And he also said, “And the swords of the Muslims give victory to this legislation (Shara’) and it is the Book and the Sunnah, as Jaabir bin ‘Abdullah, may Allaah be pleased with him, said, ‘The Messenger of Allaah ordered us to strike with this – meaning the sword – whosoever leaves from under this – meaning the Mus’haf (i.e. the Qur’aan).5 “Majmoo’a Al-Fataawa “, Vol. 35/365” .
And he also said, “Because, verily, that which establishes the religion, is the guiding Book and the victory-giving Iron, as Allaah, the Most High, mentioned.”6 “Majmoo’a Al-Fataawa “, Vol. 28/396.
And other than that, from different sections (in his Fataawa). I say: And for this, it is possible to say that At-Taa’ifah Al-Mansoorah is the Taa’ifah, which performs Jihaad, following the straight, Sharee’ah-based methodology (Manhaj); the methodology (Manhaj) of Ahl us-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah. And I will mention the outlines of this methodology, by the permission of Allaah, the Most High, within the issue of “The Principals of Holding Steadfast to the Book and the Sunnah.”
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