When we study the life of the Messenger Muhammad (SAW) and the way he delivered the Islamic da’wah we can conclude the following points concerning the method, requirements, demands, styles and means:
• Delivering the Islamic da’wah demands frankness and courage, strength and thought, and a confrontation with all that contradicts the Islamic idea and method, in order to disclose its falsehood – irrespective of the situation or consequences.
• Delivering the Islamic da’wah also demands absolute sovereignty for the Islamic ideology, regardless of whether the public agree or disagree, or whether they will accept it or not and whether it accords or not to the people’s customs.
• The deliverer of da’wah, i.e. the daa’ie, does not flatter or coax the people.
• The daa’ie is not courteous to the authorities, cares not for the people’s customs and traditions, and does not give any attention to whether the people will accept him or not.
• The daa’ie adheres only to the ideology, announcing the ideology alone, with no regard given to anything except the ideology (i.e. Islam). The followers of other ideologies are not asked to adhere to their ideologies; rather, followers are invited, as a matter of compulsion, to embrace the ideology of Islam.
• The da’wah requires that there be no other ideology and that the sovereignty be for Islam alone. Allah (SWT) says: “It is He Who has sent His Messenger [SAW] with guidance and the religion of truth [Islam], to make it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikoon[polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah] hate [it].” (EMQ at-Tawbah, 9:33)
• The Messenger of Allah (SAW) came to this world with his message and openly challenged the world, believing in the truth he was inviting to. He declared an intellectual war against the people both white and black, i.e. everyone, irrespective of the people’s traditions and customs, their religions or doctrines, the rulers or the masses. He paid no credence to anything including the gods of Quraysh, discrediting them all. He challenged their doctrines and discredited them whilst he was alone and isolated, without helper or weapon except his deep faith in Islam to which he was inviting. He did not care for the Arab customs, traditions, religions or doctrines; in these things he was not courteous and did not give them any regard.
• In like manner, the deliverer of the Islamic da’wah has to challenge everything, this includes challenging the customs and traditions, erroneous thoughts and concepts and public opinion when it is wrong, even if he has to struggle against it, and the doctrines and religions and even if the daa’ie is exposed to the fanaticism of their followers and the hostility of those who stick to their misguidance.
• Delivering the Islamic da’wah requires a concern for the complete implementation of the Islamic laws without the slightest deviation.
• The daa’ie does not accept truce or concession, abandonment or postponement; instead he conveys the matter as a whole and settles it decisively without accepting any mediator on behalf of the truth.
• The Messenger of Allah (SAW) did not accept the request of the representative of Banu Thaqeef for them to be allowed to retain their idol, al-Laat for three years before it was demolished, neither did he exempt them from prayer; these were two conditions they put forward for embracing Islam. He refused to give them permission, as they demanded, to leave al-Laat for two years and then for one month. He refused this request firmly and decisively, without hesitation or leniency, because man is either a believer or not a believer, and the result is either Paradise or Hellfire. However, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) did accept their request not to have to demolish their idol, al-Laat, by their own hands; instead he asked Abu Sufyaan and al-Mugheerah bin Shu’iaba to demolish it. He definitely did not accept anything less than the complete doctrine and comprehensive implementation. As for the styles and means of things, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) accepted them because they are not connected with the tenets of the doctrine. Therefore, care must be taken in the Islamic da’wah to protect the completeness of its thought and the completeness of its implementation, without any compromise in the idea or method; however, there is not harm in using any means it may demand.
• Delivering the Islamic da’wah necessitates that every one of its actions should be undertaken for a specific aim. The daa’ie should always be aware of this aim and always work to achieve it, exerting himself relentlessly to fulfil it. Therefore, the daa’ie is never satisfied by thought without action, and would never deem it to be a hypnotic fanciful philosophy; hence, the daa’ie will not be satisfied by thought and action devoid of any aim and considers this to be a spiral motion which ends in inaction and despair. Instead, the daa’ie insists to accompany thought with action and makes them work together in pursuit of a specific aim, which he fulfils practically by brining it into existence.
• The delivery of the Islamic da’wah must be transferred from a theory into action.
• The call to Islam should encompass correcting the doctrine, strengthening the relationship with Allah and providing solutions for the problems of the people so that the da’wah stays alive in all aspects of life’s affairs.
• Accordingly, the Islamic da’wah should convey to the people the systems by which they have to solve their worldly affairs, because the secret of success of the Islamic da’wah is that it is dynamic and able to deal with man as man initiating in him a comprehensive change.
• It is impossible for the du’aat (plural – daa’ie) to carry their responsibilities and to discharge their duties unless the motivation towards completeness is planted within them and they constantly search for the truth, sifting continuously through al that they know in order to purify it from any alien thoughts and to keep away from it any thought that may likely adhere to it if it remained close to it. This will keep the thoughts they carry pure and distinct. The purity and clarity of the thoughts are the only guarantee for the continuity of success.
• The du’aat have to carry out this duty as an obligation from Allah (SWT) embarking upon it, rejoicing in it and anticipating the satisfaction of Allah. They must not look for any worldly reward or expect praise from people; they must acknowledge or seek nothing save the satisfaction of Allah (SWT).
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